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Hazelnut Project in Turkey

Piloting Strategies to Reduce Child Labor in the Hazelnut Harvest

Around the world there are more than 160 million children working, primarily in the agriculture sector.
 
As an organization with more than a decade of experience in the agriculture sector, the Fair Labor Association is leading a 31-month-long pilot program focused on reducing child labor for an at-risk and in-demand commodity: hazelnuts sourced from Turkey. Turkey is the world’s largest producer and exporter of hazelnuts, repsresenting about 70 percent and 82 percent of the world’s production and exports of hazelnuts, respectively.
 
The pilot, made possible through the support of the U.S. Department of Labor International Labor Affairs Bureau (USDOL-ILAB) and three FLA-affiliated companies -- Nestlé, Olam, and Balsu -- is aimed at testing implementation of USDA guidelines that outline best practices for eliminating child and forced labor in agricultural supply chains. Under this pilot, these different stakeholders are united with a common cause, to combat the use of child labor and support ethical recruitment practices in the farming and production of hazelnuts in Turkey.
 
The FLA was a key stakeholder involved in developing the guidelines, also known as the U.S. Department of Agriculture Guidelines for Eliminating Child and Forced Labor in Agricultural Supply Chains (USDA Guidelines). Through the implementation of the USDA Guidelines, the FLA and its partners have developed and executed sustainable solutions for addressing child labor, such as providing safe spaces for children as an alternative to work, and training workers, farmers, labor contractors, and company staff on child labor issues.
 
If you are interested in receiving our project newsletter or would like to schedule a time to discuss the pilot with an FLA representative and/or project partner, email communications@fairlabor.org.

ABOUT THIS WORK

 An explanation of the FLA’s hazelnut Project in Turkey and its program partners.

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REPORTS

 Original FLA reporting on the hazelnut supply chain in Turkey.

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EVENTS

 Opportunities to discuss the project at upcoming events and webinars.

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MEDIA

 Photos, videos, and stories from the project.

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Latest Updates

Documentary: FLA Project to Mitigate Child Labor and Support Ethical Recruitment in Agriculture

Publication date: 
Tuesday, June 26, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyMedia
In this documentary, farm workers, labor contractors, farmers, manufacturers, government officials, and migrant children offer their perspectives on the FLA's pilot project implementing USDA guidelines for improving agricultural supply chains and on the situation for migrant hazelnut harvesters in Turkey.

Lessons Learned During the FLA's Pilot Project in Turkey

Publication date: 
Tuesday, June 26, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyReports
This report tells the story of Nestlé, the world's largest food and beverage company, and its two hazelnut suppliers in Turkey, Olam and Balsu, as they pilot-tested the United States Department of Agriculture Guidelines for Eliminating Child Labor and Forced Labor in Agricultural Supply Chains (USDA Guidelines) in Turkey’s hazelnut supply chain. This project was a partnership between the three companies and the Fair Labor Association (FLA), funded by the United States Department of Labor (USDOL).

A Conversation With Nestle: Improving Conditions in the Hazelnut Sector

Publication date: 
Wednesday, June 20, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyMedia
“Responsible sourcing is a cornerstone of our approach to the sustainable development of our business. It is also an essential part of our relationship with the farmers and producers we depend on for our supply of raw materials,” says Hanna Jager, Global Responsible Sourcing Leader for Nestlé.

Companies and NGOs Partnered With Turkish Government Officials to Reduce Child Labor

Publication date: 
Monday, June 18, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyMedia
"Hazelnuts are the most important product, especially in the Black Sea region. When harvesting them [it's vital] that we consider how we can do it in better conditions. We shouldn't pick this product at the expense of other people's quality of life," says Nurcan Önder, Director General of Labor for the Ministry of Labor and Social Security in Turkey.

Migrant Workers in Turkey Describe Their Lives During the Hazelnut Harvest

Publication date: 
Thursday, June 14, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyMedia
Migrant farmworkers discuss their work to harvest hazelnuts, returning year after year, some since childhood, along with their families. In partnership with the US Department of Labor and the Ministry of Labor and Social Security in Turkey, the Fair Labor Association, Nestlé, Balsu, and Olam have been working to create safe spaces for children in the hazelnut harvest and improve conditions for workers.

A Conversation with Balsu and Olam, Suppliers to Nestle in Turkey

Publication date: 
Monday, May 7, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyMedia
Collaboration between multiple stakeholders was a key part of the success of the pilot program for addressing the systemic labor problems within the Turkish hazelnut supply chain. Balsu and Olam, two of Nestlé's main suppliers and FLA affiliated companies, worked with local farmers, laborers, Turkish ministry officials, and CSOs to learn about the issue of child labor, educate migrant families about their rights, and build ethical recruitment practices.

Occupational Health, Safety, and Risk Groups in Hazelnut Production

Publication date: 
Monday, April 2, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyReports
Hazelnut production in Turkey takes place mostly in family-owned small- scale orchards, where traditional labor-intensive techniques remain in place and labor relations are informal. Especially during the harvest, laborers work long hours without social security benefits under severe conditions like extreme heat, on steep and slippery terrain, usually seven days a week.

Institutional Survey Baseline Report; Hazelnut Supply Chains in Turkey

Publication date: 
Wednesday, October 11, 2017
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyReports
To document company capacity at the outset of the FLA's cooperative agreement with the US Department of Labor to pilot test USDA social sustainability guidelines in Turkey, the project team conducted a baseline survey of Nestlé, Olam-Progıda, and Balsu to assess their programs for combating child and forced labor.

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