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Hazelnut Project in Turkey

Piloting Strategies to Reduce Child Labor in the Hazelnut Harvest

Around the world there are more than 160 million children working, primarily in the agriculture sector.
 
As an organization with more than a decade of experience in the agriculture sector, the Fair Labor Association is leading a 31-month-long pilot program focused on reducing child labor for an at-risk and in-demand commodity: hazelnuts sourced from Turkey. Turkey is the world’s largest producer and exporter of hazelnuts, repsresenting about 70 percent and 82 percent of the world’s production and exports of hazelnuts, respectively.
 
The pilot, made possible through the support of the U.S. Department of Labor International Labor Affairs Bureau (USDOL-ILAB) and three FLA-affiliated companies -- Nestlé, Olam, and Balsu -- is aimed at testing implementation of USDA guidelines that outline best practices for eliminating child and forced labor in agricultural supply chains. Under this pilot, these different stakeholders are united with a common cause, to combat the use of child labor and support ethical recruitment practices in the farming and production of hazelnuts in Turkey.
 
The FLA was a key stakeholder involved in developing the guidelines, also known as the U.S. Department of Agriculture Guidelines for Eliminating Child and Forced Labor in Agricultural Supply Chains (USDA Guidelines). Through the implementation of the USDA Guidelines, the FLA and its partners have developed and executed sustainable solutions for addressing child labor, such as providing safe spaces for children as an alternative to work, and training workers, farmers, labor contractors, and company staff on child labor issues.
 
If you are interested in receiving our project newsletter or would like to schedule a time to discuss the pilot with an FLA representative and/or project partner, email communications@fairlabor.org.

ABOUT THIS WORK

 An explanation of the FLA’s hazelnut Project in Turkey and its program partners.

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REPORTS

 Original FLA reporting on the hazelnut supply chain in Turkey.

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EVENTS

 Opportunities to discuss the project at upcoming events and webinars.

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MEDIA

 Photos, videos, and stories from the project.

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Latest Updates

A Conversation with Balsu and Olam, Suppliers to Nestle in Turkey

Publication date: 
Monday, May 7, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyMedia
Collaboration between multiple stakeholders was a key part of the success of the pilot program for addressing the systemic labor problems within the Turkish hazelnut supply chain. Balsu and Olam, two of Nestlé's main suppliers and FLA affiliated companies, worked with local farmers, laborers, Turkish ministry officials, and CSOs to learn about the issue of child labor, educate migrant families about their rights, and build ethical recruitment practices.

Occupational Health, Safety, and Risk Groups in Hazelnut Production

Publication date: 
Monday, April 2, 2018
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyReports
Hazelnut production in Turkey takes place mostly in family-owned small- scale orchards, where traditional labor-intensive techniques remain in place and labor relations are informal. Especially during the harvest, laborers work long hours without social security benefits under severe conditions like extreme heat, on steep and slippery terrain, usually seven days a week.

Institutional Survey Baseline Report; Hazelnut Supply Chains in Turkey

Publication date: 
Wednesday, October 11, 2017
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyReports
To document company capacity at the outset of the FLA's cooperative agreement with the US Department of Labor to pilot test USDA social sustainability guidelines in Turkey, the project team conducted a baseline survey of Nestlé, Olam-Progıda, and Balsu to assess their programs for combating child and forced labor.

Hazelnut Workers in Turkey: Demographic Profiling; Duzce, Ordu, and Sakarya, 2016

Publication date: 
Friday, September 29, 2017
Report type: 
Hazelnut Project in TurkeyReports
The worker demographic profiling report presented here was produced to support the work of the project “Partnership to Reduce Child Labor and Forced Labor in Imported Agricultural Products: Piloting the USDA Guidelines in the Hazelnut Supply Chain in Turkey,” conducted by the Fair Labor Association (FLA) as part of its cooperative agreement with the US Department of Labor.