On March 17, FLA published a paper by ASOCIACIÓN SERVICIOS DE PROMOCIÓN LABORAL on social protection for apparel and footwear workers in Central America. The target countries in the study were Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua – which have seen an estimated 20% decrease in employment in this sector over the past three years caused by the financial crisis in the United States and an increased shift of apparel and footwear production to Asian countries.
On June 15, 2011, the FLA convened its third stakeholder forum on wages in Istanbul, Turkey, hosted by Participating Supplier Hey Tekstil.
On October 25, 2010, FLA convened a second stakeholder forum on wages in Hong Kong. Titled “Wages Along the Supply Chain: Developments and Responses,” it brought together academics, practitioners, and representatives of international organizations, companies, trade unions, and monitoring organizations to discuss recent wage developments (with emphasis on Asia) and responses to address wage issues.
On November 23, 2009, FLA held a follow-up roundtable discussion about Malaysian migrant workers in Singapore. Participants focused on issues of migrant workers in four priority areas: recruitment of migrant workers; freedom of movement; retrenchment process; and overtime. The first three priority issues were the same as those highlighted at the August multi-stakeholder roundtable meeting; overtime was added as a new priority discussed by suppliers. For more information about the follow-up roundtable discussion, please download the attached report.
Within global trade, wage practices along the supply chain are characterized by a number of serious problems which have long gone unaddressed and have been further exacerbated by the current global economic crisis. On October 26, 2009, FLA's Stakeholder Forum aimed at enhancing the mobilization of CSR actors on wage issues and improving their ability to address wage issues along the supply chain.
The conference sought to discuss:
Precarious work is often caused by atypical employment contracts and can result in uncertain, unpredictable circumstances for workers such as low wages, no social benefits, and overall job insecurity. FLA’s Code of Conduct, however, requires companies to address and respect the employment relationship throughout their supply chains to ensure that workers are treated fairly.
The FLA provides an exacting framework for the appraisal of our efforts to uphold internationally recognised labour standards throughout our supply chains. Their transparent reporting ensures our stakeholders are accurately informed about the progress and status of our activities.
Olam International Cocoa Code d’Ivoire and Hazelnut Turkey supply chains are assessed by the FLA.
From the Olam website: As Olam has grown, so has our direct workforce – employed across our upstream operations in plantations, concessions and farming to our downstream processing. These employees and contractors are governed by the Olam Code of Conduct and ILO compliant labour standards.
On August 5, 2009, FLA and the Malaysian Bar Council held a multi-stakeholder roundtable discussion in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants discussed issues surrounding migrant workers in Malaysia and included 37 representatives from international brands, local garment suppliers, and representatives from local and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and trade unions.
Break-out sessions allowed attendees to discuss:
On January 1, 2012, the 2010 California Transparency in Supply Chains Act took effect. The Act compels companies that meet certain threshold requirements to disclose their efforts to eradicate slavery and human trafficking from their supply chains.
FLA affiliates searching for step-by-step guidelines to create a disclosure website, or for more information about the Act, please read the report attached.