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Labor Risks, Monitoring, and Remediation on Cottonseed Farms in India

Cottonseed farms

The Fair Labor Association (FLA) conducted this task and risk mapping study in India in 2004 to assess the labor risks in cottonseed farms, with a focus on child labor; to map potential internal and external workplace monitoring systems; and to map local remedial programs. The study consolidates data from two assessment visits made in April 2004 and October 2004 to Andra Pradesh (AP) and Gujarat, two of the largest hybrid cottonseed producing states in India.

Wages of Inequality: Wage Discrimination and Underpayment in Hybrid Seed Production in India

Wages of Inequality

A recent study commissioned by FLA and the India Committee of the Netherlands (ICN) found ongoing and rampant wage discrimination and underpayment of wages in hybrid vegetable and cotton seed production in India. The study, conducted by Dr. Davuluri Venketeswarlu and Jacob Kalle, was conducted in four Indian states where hybrid seed production is largely concentrated – Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra – and involved interviews with nearly 500 workers on 200 seed farms and discussions with growers, civil society organizations, government officials and others.

University of Washington Fair Wages Workshop

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

On October 8, 2012, the FLA convened its fourth stakeholder forum on wages in Seattle, Washington, hosted by the University of Washington.

The one day workshop was organized to provide information on the Fair Wage Assessment tools and to facilitate understanding of the methodology, and to share information about current pilots and brand experience with the assessments. Speakers included representatives from:

  • Fair Wage Network;
  • Adidas;
  • H&M; and
  • Puma

For a full account of this event, download the report below.

Taking Care of Business: Childcare in Bangalore's Apparel Industry

Monday, September 24, 2012

At a time when India is formally acknowledging the need for growth with equity and social inclusion, Cividep’s long-standing efforts in support of workers’ rights in the garment industry of Bangalore has exposed a serious gap between policy and practice. Every day, women who bear society’s responsibility for reproduction and childcare leave their children behind to enter the factory gates and begin their work-day anxious about the safety and security of their young ones.

Migration and Modern-Day Slavery in Supply Chains

Monday, October 3, 2011

There are 214 million international migrants worldwide. The majority of this population move in order to find work and to provide for their families. Many of these people are successful; in 2009 alone, migrants sent an estimated $414 billion back to families in their home countries. However, labor protections for migrant workers are notoriously weak, and millions of migrant workers face abysmal working conditions and become victims of trafficking—a modern-day slave trade.

Enhancing Social Protection in the Apparel & Footwear Industries

Thursday, March 17, 2011

On March 17, FLA published a paper by ASOCIACIÓN SERVICIOS DE PROMOCIÓN LABORAL on social protection for apparel and footwear workers in Central America. The target countries in the study were Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua – which have seen an estimated 20% decrease in employment in this sector over the past three years caused by the financial crisis in the United States and an increased shift of apparel and footwear production to Asian countries.

Wages Along the Supply Chain: Development and Responses

Monday, October 25, 2010

On October 25, 2010, FLA convened a second stakeholder forum on wages in Hong Kong. Titled “Wages Along the Supply Chain: Developments and Responses,” it brought together academics, practitioners, and representatives of international organizations, companies, trade unions, and monitoring organizations to discuss recent wage developments (with emphasis on Asia) and responses to address wage issues.

Suppliers Meeting on Migrant Workers in Malaysia

Sunday, November 29, 2009

On November 23, 2009, FLA held a follow-up roundtable discussion about Malaysian migrant workers in Singapore. Participants focused on issues of migrant workers in four priority areas: recruitment of migrant workers; freedom of movement; retrenchment process; and overtime. The first three priority issues were the same as those highlighted at the August multi-stakeholder roundtable meeting; overtime was added as a new priority discussed by suppliers. For more information about the follow-up roundtable discussion, please download the attached report.

Wages Along the Supply Chain: Assessments and Prospects

Monday, October 26, 2009

Within global trade, wage practices along the supply chain are characterized by a number of serious problems which have long gone unaddressed and have been further exacerbated by the current global economic crisis. On October 26, 2009, FLA's Stakeholder Forum aimed at enhancing the mobilization of CSR actors on wage issues and improving their ability to address wage issues along the supply chain.

The conference sought to discuss:

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