At a time when India is formally acknowledging the need for growth with equity and social inclusion, Cividep’s long-standing efforts in support of workers’ rights in the garment industry of Bangalore has exposed a serious gap between policy and practice. Every day, women who bear society’s responsibility for reproduction and childcare leave their children behind to enter the factory gates and begin their work-day anxious about the safety and security of their young ones.
There are 214 million international migrants worldwide. The majority of this population move in order to find work and to provide for their families. Many of these people are successful; in 2009 alone, migrants sent an estimated $414 billion back to families in their home countries. However, labor protections for migrant workers are notoriously weak, and millions of migrant workers face abysmal working conditions and become victims of trafficking—a modern-day slave trade.
On March 17, FLA published a paper by ASOCIACIÓN SERVICIOS DE PROMOCIÓN LABORAL on social protection for apparel and footwear workers in Central America. The target countries in the study were Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua – which have seen an estimated 20% decrease in employment in this sector over the past three years caused by the financial crisis in the United States and an increased shift of apparel and footwear production to Asian countries.
On June 15, 2011, the FLA convened its third stakeholder forum on wages in Istanbul, Turkey, hosted by Participating Supplier Hey Tekstil.
On October 25, 2010, FLA convened a second stakeholder forum on wages in Hong Kong. Titled “Wages Along the Supply Chain: Developments and Responses,” it brought together academics, practitioners, and representatives of international organizations, companies, trade unions, and monitoring organizations to discuss recent wage developments (with emphasis on Asia) and responses to address wage issues.
On November 23, 2009, FLA held a follow-up roundtable discussion about Malaysian migrant workers in Singapore. Participants focused on issues of migrant workers in four priority areas: recruitment of migrant workers; freedom of movement; retrenchment process; and overtime. The first three priority issues were the same as those highlighted at the August multi-stakeholder roundtable meeting; overtime was added as a new priority discussed by suppliers. For more information about the follow-up roundtable discussion, please download the attached report.
Within global trade, wage practices along the supply chain are characterized by a number of serious problems which have long gone unaddressed and have been further exacerbated by the current global economic crisis. On October 26, 2009, FLA's Stakeholder Forum aimed at enhancing the mobilization of CSR actors on wage issues and improving their ability to address wage issues along the supply chain.
The conference sought to discuss:
Precarious work is often caused by atypical employment contracts and can result in uncertain, unpredictable circumstances for workers such as low wages, no social benefits, and overall job insecurity. FLA’s Code of Conduct, however, requires companies to address and respect the employment relationship throughout their supply chains to ensure that workers are treated fairly.
The FLA provides an exacting framework for the appraisal of our efforts to uphold internationally recognised labour standards throughout our supply chains. Their transparent reporting ensures our stakeholders are accurately informed about the progress and status of our activities.
Olam International Cocoa Code d’Ivoire and Hazelnut Turkey supply chains are assessed by the FLA.
From the Olam website: As Olam has grown, so has our direct workforce – employed across our upstream operations in plantations, concessions and farming to our downstream processing. These employees and contractors are governed by the Olam Code of Conduct and ILO compliant labour standards.