All Nike footwear, apparel and equipment. Nike, Inc.'s compliance program is accredited by FLA.
From the Nike, Inc. website: Our greatest responsibility as a global company is to play a role in bringing about positive, systemic change for workers within our supply chain and in the industry. We're looking end-to-end, from the first phase of our product creation process to the impacts of our decisions on the lives of workers in the factories that bring our product to life.
The Fair Labor Association (FLA) expects its affiliates to account for the impact of business decisions on workers in their global supply chains. The FLA recognizes that during the COVID-19 pandemic, companies of all sizes face challenges and difficult choices that will affect many – including the most vulnerable workers.
Turkey’s garment and textile supply chain is large and complex. The upper tiers are often difficult to trace, making it difficult to engage workers and support worker rights beyond Tier 1 (downstream) suppliers.
Employers in small and medium-sized enterprises often operate informally and lack awareness of the national or international standards on decent work conditions and child labor. Many of these workplaces have precarious working conditions and pose a high risk for workers.
The Fair Labor Association and Iyi Pamuk Uygulamalari Dernegi (Good Cotton Practices Association), a strategic partner of the Better Cotton Initiative in Turkey, in 2017 launched “Improving Employment Practices in the Turkish Cotton Sector—Toward Decent Working Condition in Cotton Farms in Şanlıurfa,” a project in partnership with seven global brands—adidas, Asos, IKEA Range and Supply, Inditex, Nike, Puma and PVH—sourcing apparel and other cotton products in Turkey.
Issues: During a 2009 factory visit, FLA assessors found that foreign staff at a factory producing apparel for adidas Group and Nike, Inc. lacked required legal work permits. In addition, some printing department workers, who neither asked to leave nor signed a withdrawal notice, were compelled to leave the union without their consent. The union leader said most printing department workers did not wish to be involved in the union; therefore, they decided to drop these workers from the roster and stopped collecting their dues.
Issues: During a 2009 independent external monitoring visit, FLA assessors found that factory management did not prevent verbal harassment of workers at a factory producing garments for H&M and Nike. The factory employed 288 workers.
Issues: A 2009 follow-up visit by FLA assessor revealed that a factory producing sports shoes for Nike in India had set an annual limit for bonus qualification at Rs. 3,500. This was well below the legal amount of Rs. 10,000. The factory employed 1,563 people.
Solutions: FLA assessors verified that the bonus qualification was raised to Rs. 10,000 (approximately $200), and a notice was posted to inform workers of the change.
Nike, an original member of the Fair Labor Association, was re-accredited for the third time in 2019 following an extensive review of its social compliance program and supply chain labor practices. Nike’s program was first accredited in 1999 and received its last re-accreditation in 2008.
In February 2018, affiliated Participating Companies Nike Inc. and Under Armour Inc. requested that the Fair Labor Association\ conduct a safeguards investigation at the factory New Holland Apparel de Nicaragua, S.A. The brands requested that the FLA engage an independent expert to investigate allegations of violations of freedom of association -- particularly with regard to the dismissal of a union leader who had employment protection -- as well as of other labor standards.
On August 2, 2016, the Fair Labor Association (FLA) instituted a Third Party Complaint investigation with respect to the factory C.S.A. Guatemala Sociedad Anónima located in Guatemala City. The complaint, filed by the Ad Hoc Committee of United Workers of the Enterprise C.S.A. Guatemala Sociedad Anónima, alleged a range of worker rights violations, centering on freedom of association. The allegations appeared to violate a number of Compliance Benchmarks associated with FLA Code Elements on Freedom of Association, Harassment or Abuse, Hours of Work, and Compensation.
During the week of July 4, 2016, the FLA conducted a comprehensive assessment of working conditions at the factory complex Hansae Vietnam Co. Ltd, located in Ho Chi Minh City. The factories in the Hansae complex produce a range of apparel products for the international market. At the time of the assessment, Hansae employed approximately 9,000 workers in 12 manufacturing factories or workshops.
On January 21, 2016, the Fair Labor Association (FLA) accepted for review a Third Party Complaint filed by Cornell University regarding the factory Hansae Vietnam, located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The complaint called for an investigation of issues related to payment of productivity bonuses that resulted in strikes in October and November 2015 in Hansae’s Workshop 5. FLA-affiliated company Nike is a buyer from the factory.