In August 2011, the Fair Labor Association began working with Nestlé to evaluate labor and human rights issues in the hazelnut supply chain in Turkey. FLA commissioned a team of six experts to conduct an assessment of labor conditions in Turkey regarding the production, harvesting and transportation of hazelnuts. In collaboration with FLA staff, the assessors conducted research and gathered information through interviews and meetings with civil society organizations, workers, and other local stakeholders.
The assessment team visited a total of 26 farms from August 15 to 26, 2011. They conducted on-site and off-site interviews with 377 workers involved in the hazelnut harvest, which include local workers, foreign migrant workers, family workers, growers, labor contractors, supervisors, manau, and processors.
Assessors evaluated labor conditions based on internationally recognized standards, including the Fair Labor Association (FLA) Workplace Code of Conduct and conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO), and Turkish law. A number of procedural and substantive supply chain risks and noncompliances were found related to the following FLA Code elements:
- Employment relationship
- Harassment or abuse
- Forced labor
- Child labor
- Health, safety and environment
- Hours of work
FLA’s assessment report and recommendations, along with Nestlé’s corrective action plan, are available below. Nestlé published an update on the implementation of its Responsible Sourcing Action Plan for hazelnuts from Turkey in December; click here to view Nestlé's update.