Supply Chain Innovation

Hazelnuts in Turkey: Community Profiling Research

Publication date: 
Friday, February 9, 2018

The “Partnership to Prevent Child and Forced Labor in Imported Agricultural Products: Piloting the USDA Guidelines in Turkey’s Hazelnut Supply Chain, “funded by the U.S. Department of Labor–Bureau of International Labor Affairs (USDOL-ILAB), is being implemented by the Fair Labor Association (FLA) in cooperation with Nestlé and its two main hazelnut suppliers in Turkey, Balsu and Olam-Progıda. The project seeks to pilot USDA Guidelines in the hazelnut supply chain of the partner companies by strengthening their internal child- and forced-labor monitoring and remediation systems.

Within the framework of this project, researchers profiled communities encompassed by the project to generate a basic understanding of the communities, to assess each community’s needs and resources, and to inform the project’s 2017 remediation plan.

This report is divided into two parts. The first presents a general field review followed by a detailed examination of seasonal worker needs in the Şanlıurfa-Eyyübiye district, with special focus on issues such as health care, social security, employment relations, education, and child labor. The section also presents an analysis of potential and existing resources for Şanlıurfa province, and illustrates the views of public-sector actors on their roles and responsibilities.

The second part of the report focuses on the selected communities in Black Sea locations: the Sakarya-Karasu, Düzce-Akçakoca and Ordu-Kabataş districts. After presenting a general profile of selected communities and community members (garden owners/producers), this section details their views on their relations with seasonal workers and agricultural intermediaries, on living and working conditions during harvest, and on child labor.

These accounts are compared with Şanlıurfa field findings whenever appropriate to present a complete picture.  Detailed community maps for eight selected villages are provided in the Annex to help with preparations for possible interventions. Finally, the report provides recommendations from communities and target groups to project partners to aid them in refreshing strategies and identifying actions.