Cesar Rodríguez-Garavito’s article in Politics and Society, “Global Governance and Labor Rights: Codes of Conduct and Anti-Sweatshop Struggles in Global Apparel Factories in Mexico and Guatemala” from Politics and Society offers an examination and evaluation of labor codes of conduct and monitoring systems in the broader context of global governance. He compares four monitoring systems in his paper, one of which is the FLA, which merits some response.
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is taking many different forms these days. (You can look here for a quick discussion.) Electronics industry firms, and Information and Communications Technology firms in particular, founded the EICC (Electronic Industry Code of Conduct) and recently invited NGOs from US and Europe to a Stakeholder Engagement Meeting in Geneva, together with Global e-Sustainability Initiative.
Our final stop was Penn State University, located deep in the heart of Pennsylvania, in the lovely town of State College. After a harrowing plane ride in, our very busy and productive day began with a student meeting, where questions were raised on two of the more challenging current labor rights cases, the <a href="BJ&B and Hermosa cases. In response, I offered some background and context for both of these cases to help students better understand what transpired at these factories.
Rain greeted us on the next morning as we made a dash to Penn Station to catch our train to Wilmington, Delaware and the University of Delaware. At U of D, I had lunch and a stimulating discussion with a group of students eager to learn more about global supply chains and labor rights issues. Students (in behavior consistent with my travels to other schools) showed a refreshing openness to discussing the complexity of labor issues and their interaction with the market-economy and global supply chains.
Having just returned from my recent university tour, I am more encouraged than ever by the passion and drive I saw in students to resolve labor and human rights issues worldwide. As they always have, students and universities play a crucial role in campaigning against any form of social injustice… as we did in fighting the apartheid movement in South Africa to fighting sweatshop labor conditions today.
Worth Reading — The New York Times reported on this recent study by Human Rights Watch concerning Walmart’s efforts to keep unions out of its stores. The human rights group, which the newspaper noted typically focuses on rights violations in Burundi, North Korea or other foreign countries, said that when Wal-Mart stores faced unionization drives, the company often broke the law by, for example, eavesdropping on workers, training surveillance cameras on them and firing those who favored unions.
These guidelines for FLA-affiliated companies provide suggestions whose suppliers or facilities may be involved in retrenchment and closures for operational reasons. Retrenchment, also referred to as redundancy, downsizing, or closure based on operational requirements, occurs when the employer has bona fide economic, technological, structural or similar reasons to reduce the size of the workforce.