For a detailed supply chain map and further information about hazelnuts in Turkey,
click the chart above to enlarge.
The Fair Labor Association (FLA), in cooperation with Nestlé and its two main hazelnut suppliers in Turkey, Olam-Progıda, and Balsu, are implementing the project “Partnership to Prevent Child and Forced Labor in Imported Agricultural Products: Piloting the USDA Guidelines in Turkey’s Hazelnut Supply Chain,” funded by the United States Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs (USDOL-ILAB). The project seeks to pilot the U.S. Department of Agriculture Guidelines for Eliminating Child and Forced Labor in Agricultural Supply Chains (USDA Guidelines) in the hazelnut supply chain of the project partner companies by strengthening their internal child and forced labor monitoring and remediation system.
To document company capacity at the outset of the work, the project team conducted a baseline survey of Nestlé, Olam-Progıda, and Balsu to assess their programs for combating child and forced labor. Two survey reports were prepared for each of the companies, one based on information collected from top management based at company headquarters, and the other based on information collected from mid-level management and field staff at the country and regional level. The Institutional Survey (IS) Baseline Report posted below and produced in partnership with the Development Workshop, a Turkish civil society organization, consolidtates the six individual company reports. It presents a brief background on the hazelnut supply chain in Turkey, the objectives and methodology of the institutional survey and an overall assessment of the findings.
The report includes a review of internal management systems, such as the companies’ policies and procedures, and assessment of the application of those systems based on surveys of employee knowledge about such procedures. Finally, the report provides recommendations for system-level improvements and suggestions for how companies can strengthen their programs for the prevention of child and forced labor in the hazelnut supply chain.
Among its conclusions, the report recommends that companies prioritize the following activities to improve their institutional capacity to combat child and forced labor:
- Ensure that company standards are aligned with ILO standards, and indicators of child and forced labor are defined in the context of Turkey and communicated to all relevant partners through a variety of means.
- Ensure that there are written contracts between all supply chain actors.
- Conduct regular and comprehensive risk assessments and address the outcomes in remediation plans.
- Improve the effectiveness of complaints mechanisms.
- Monitor all child and forced labor indicators throughout the supply chain.
- Ensure that remediation efforts address the underlying causes and are based on evidence-based impact evaluation.
Find further recommendations and in-depth information about the companies’ institutional capacity below. For a detailed depiction of the hazelnut supply chain in Turkey, click to enlarge supply chain map at right.